How to Teach Your Child Phonics

Why do we use phonics?

Phonics is one way of teaching young children to read. It is a very important step in the process of learning to read, particularly for children aged 5-7 yrs.

What are phonics?

Phonics are the different sounds that each individual letter makes. In school children are taught to recognise:

i) The sounds that each letter makes.

ii) The sounds that different combinations of letters make; such as ‘ch’ and ‘sh’.

iii) How to blend these sounds together to make a word.

How can you as a parent help?

  • Use phonic cards with your child to identify the different sounds. You can make these yourself or buy a set of cards.(see link below).
  • When you read with your child, highlight the different sounds.
  • Encourage your child to ‘sound out’ words they are not sure of, blending the sounds together.
  • Aim to read with your child everyday.

There are lots of lovely resources available to help parents teach their child phonics. Here are a few that we recommend at Blackhen Education:

For more information about phonics, reading and our Foundation course for 4 – 5 year olds, feel free to contact me at: or download a FREE Parent Pack from our website.